|Satomi's homework using watercolors|
|Trini's homework: monoline Uncial at different sizes|
|Judith's homework - fun and colorful!|
DeAnn reviewed common mistakes she found in the homework:
D : start the second stroke above the waistline to the left, not at the mid-point.
Z and L : Don’t exaggerate the horizontal strokes, they slant just a little.
Uncial with the chisel point nib: To start, we’ll be using the Brause 5mm nib (largest one). Use it with a round pen-holder. If you have the Brause holder that’s flat on one side, insert it toward the right side (when holding it) of the wooden nib holder. If you’re looking at the holder head-on, the nib will be toward the left edge.
Pen angle: The Brause is a chisel-point pen, able to create thicks & thins within one stroke, based on the angle of the pen. Using a protractor as the reference, a pen angle of 0-degrees equates to holding the pen so that the nib is parallel to the horizontal lines of the grid paper. A vertical stroke at this pen angle is the thickest; a horizontal stroke is the thinnest.
If the pen angle is 90-degrees, then a vertical stroke is the thinnest and a horizontal stroke is the thickest. For a 45-degree pen angle, use a box as a reference and place the pen so that you’re placing it on the diagonal of the box. At this angle, both a vertical stroke and a horizontal stroke should be the same thickness.
x-height: is the height between the waist and base. Each hand has a specific x-height measured in pen-widths. At a pen angle of 90-degrees, draw short horizontal strokes to measure by pen widths.
Uncial has a pen angle of 15-degrees (up to 30 degrees) and an x-height of 4 pen widths (equal 6 boxes on the grid paper). Since 15-degrees is one-third of 45-degrees, eye-ball the angle from the waistline. Look at the top of the chisel point Uncial exemplar.
|Protractor on top of grid paper - note where 15-degree pen angle intersects grid.|
To achieve the thicks and thins with the chisel point nib, you must keep it at the same angle. Don’t turn the pen-holder in your fingers as you make a curved stroke.
At this time it’s OK to wipe off your nib to clean it. DeAnn will show you how to remove the reservoir next time so don’t worry about washing it with water yet. When practicing, wipe your nib every 20 minutes or so to remove any paper residue, etc.
Preparing (lining) the grid paper: 8 boxes on the grid paper equal an inch, with the darker lines indicating the inch-marks. The x-height for Uncial with the 5mm Brause nib is 6 boxes. So after each darker line, line the sheet at 2 boxes, dividing the 8 boxes into 2 boxes and 6 boxes. We will be writing in the rows that are 6 boxes tall. The 2-box row in between will be for the ascenders (e.g. H, L) and descenders (P, Q). Write an “x” in the margin if that will help you see which lines to write on.
|sample of lined grid paper - click on it to enlarge.|
Notes on individual letters:
I : pierces the baseline slightly
L : almost 2 boxes above the waistline, slight serif at base
J : don’t pull it longer than 2 boxes below the baseline
T : Marcia Brady’s “T” which is on the exemplar, goes off to the right slightly.
Also alternate T:
|T from Exemplar and alternate T|
G : top stroke doesn’t go farther than the bottom stroke
S : need to start below the waistline
F : Make the horizontal strokes longer than the exemplar.
K : beginners don’t have to put the serif on the top stroke or flatten the last stroke. Intermediates can.
R : intermediates can flatten the last stroke
V : put a nice curve in the second stroke so it’ll balance. Don’t let it lean to the side.
HOMEWORK: Practice the letters with the 5mm Brause nib and an x-height of 6-boxes. Write each letter only 3 times in a row before moving on. Study the exemplar closely and compare your written letter to it. Trace the exemplar if you’re having difficulty.
Once you’re comfortable with the letters, write words. Intermediates can go down to the 2 ½ mm Brause nib with an x-height of 3 boxes.